James Field
Observations on a Guinea voyage in a series of letters addressed to the Rev. Thomas Clarkson
James Phillips
Travel Writings
National Maritime Museum, London. Goldsmiths' Library of Economic Literature, University of London.
Slave Trade Guinea Ship Conditions Sailor Benin Fort Observations Voyage Letters
James Field Stanfield was an Irish writer and former sailor who had worked on two Liverpool slave ships in the 1770s and lived in a slaving fort at Benin for eight months. His pamphlet, published in the form of letters to Thomas Clarkson, describes the slave trade as a system characterised by "cruelty, injustice, murder, and oppression" (2). He describes how sailors are tricked on board slave ships, their harsh treatment and conditions on the ships, and gives an eye-witness account of the operation of the trade on the African coast.